Violent undercurrent to Limerick City’s drug problem

first_img TAGSAlan JacquesAna Liffey Drug projectfeaturedheroinlimerickTony Duffin Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed live Previous articleThis weeks #LimerickPostNext articleAAA called to account over Limerick street collections Alan Jacques Advertisement Limerick Artist ‘Willzee’ releases new Music Video – “A Dream of Peace” Linkedin Twitter NewsLocal NewsViolent undercurrent to Limerick City’s drug problemBy Alan Jacques – February 12, 2015 1922 WhatsApp Predictions on the future of learning discussed at Limerick Lifelong Learning Festival center_img Print Vanishing Ireland podcast documenting interviews with people over 70’s, looking for volunteers to share their stories THE Ana Liffey Drug Project Mid-West have provided a positive response to substance abuse in the city through its ‘low threshold — harm reduction’ model since opening its doors in 2012. Limerick Post reporter Alan Jacques met with its outreach team who work with some of the city’s estimated 800 heroin users.Rachel Conway, Team Leader and Aoife Marshall, Project Worker with Mid-West Ana Liffey Drug Project. Picture: Don Moloney / Press 22WHILE the profile of heroin users around the country indicates that many become involved in drugs to cope with past traumas and hurts, a more disturbing picture has emerged on the streets of Limerick.At the height of Limerick’s gangland feud, one young man in a disadvantaged city estate made the “conscious decision” to start using heroin as an escape from the vicious cycle of violence in his community. He said he took heroin so as to be considered unreliable and escape pressure to be involved in gangland activity.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up “By using drugs, he would have been considered unreliable by these criminals and was then left alone and not bothered by the gangs. It would have been very difficult for young men in these areas to escape the feud. He thought he would probably get off heroin easily enough, but 10 years on he was still using,” Dawn Russell, Head of Services at Ana Liffey Drug Project told the Limerick Post.The Ana Liffey Drug Project was established as Ireland’s first ‘low threshold – harm reduction’ service during the height of the drugs epidemic that swept through Dublin’s North Inner City area in the early 1980s. The response to heroin use at the time was muddled at best and for those whose lives were being destroyed by substance abuse, the organisation founded by Jesuit priest Frank Brady must have seemed a ray of light in a time of dark despair.Since opening its doors in Limerick in May 2012, Ana Liffey has engaged with the most marginalised members of society and offered a hand of friendship to those who know little other than despair and chaos in their daily lives. The number using heroin in Limerick is estimated at about 800 and, since setting up in Limerick almost three years ago, Ana Liffey has engaged with 460 heroin users in the Mid-West, with all but about 20 of these located in the city.Based in the Fairgreen, the group operates in Limerick, Clare and North Tipperary, among people affected by problem substance abuse, their families and the wider community. Currently engaging with around 120 drug users locally, the organisation provides a range of services including assertive outreach, needle and syringe programme, medical services and assessment for residential treatment.The profile of drug users availing of Ana Liffey’s services nationwide is typically 70/30 in favour of men. However, in Limerick, Ana Liffey staff have noted these numbers balance out at 50/50 between the sexes.They have also noted that drug users in Limerick report issues, seemingly unique to the city.Where many drug addicts report violence and abuse in their past, in Limerick, people presenting to the Ana Liffey claim that this threat of violence and abuse is ongoing for them.“Compared to other regions in the country, we get much higher reports of physical attacks in Limerick. Drug users here are facing that threat of violence every day — it’s imminent,” said Ms Russell.“Be it domestic abuse, sexual abuse, violence, intimidation or family feuds, we have seen a trend in Limerick where substance users are particularly vulnerable. We’ve also heard horror stories from women in Limerick about men, often much older men, who appear to be kind and offer to take them in and give them a bed for the night, only later for these women to be opportunistically attacked or abused. It’s a hellish and chaotic existence,” she added.Director of the Ana Liffey Drug Project, Tony Duffin, agrees that the profile of its clients in the Mid-West region distinguishes it from other areas.Director of Ana Liffey Drug Project, Tony Duffin“Many of the women who access our services in the Mid-West report that they are victims of significant levels of abuse. Often they do not wish to report their experiences to the Gardaí for fear of reprisal from the alleged perpetrators or their associates — either immediately after reporting or in the years to come,” Mr Duffin explains.The situation for men in the region is also concerning, and they too often report being victims of violence.Mr Duffin said that the fear associated with violence could impact on the individual’s ability to make positive choices.“This is highlighted by the experience of the young man who reported to us that he made a conscious decision to take heroin so that he would be considered unreliable and untrustworthy. In this way, he hoped to escape the pressure he was coming under to be involved in organised crime,” he commented.While the levels of violence reported to the Ana Liffey in Limerick are high compared to other parts of the country, the other issues people experience are similar to those in other areas.“Both men and women are often homeless as well as using drugs problematically. The lasting solutions to these problems are appropriate housing with support, provided on a ‘housing first’ basis, and timely access to suitable treatment and rehabilitation,” Mr Duffin stated.But there’s a distinct lack of options in these areas.“Ultimately, Ireland has limited resources to deal with problem drug use and associated issues. Both nationally and locally, we need to target the resources we have towards evidence informed interventions that reduces the harm drug use causes to individuals, families and communities in cost effective ways.”Most of Ana Liffey’s clients are between 20 and 30 years old and also tend to present as poly-drug users. Funded predominantly by the State, Ana Liffey does not charge for any of its addiction services and team members emphasise the importance of treating its clients with “respect and dignity”.“A lot of the time we are the first to engage and have a real conversation with people. Drugs are a big part of their identity and they tend to isolate themselves, as they have not had very many positive experiences. They are very vulnerable and live totally chaotic and traumatic lives,” said Ana Liffey’s Team Leader in Limerick, Rachel Conway.A direct link has emerged in the city in the last couple of years between young people abusing benzodiazepines, known as ‘benzos’ and ‘upjohns’, and the increase of heroin use. ‘Benzos’ includes drugs such as Xanax and Valium and their more dangerous street versions such as ‘stick’.Ana Liffey have also seen evidence of Limerick drug users taking Lyrica, a prescription drug for controlling seizures and treating nerve pain.“I was on Xanax, I was on more than I should have been. I was out of my head going out doing very stupid things and then I started dabbling with heroin. My mother died three years ago and I got on Xanax first and then I went completely off the rails and pushed everyone that was near to me away,” 22-year-old Ana Liffey service user Carol (not her real name) told the Limerick Post.“I just constantly wanted to be stoned and live in a different world. I’d take anything at all just to take away that reality. My mother and her partner were heroin addicts so I had seen it from a very young age. I knew all about it and I swore I’d never go down that path, but you don’t know what’s in front of you. I had witnessed my mother on heroin since I was around seven or eight up till 18 when she died,” the young woman admits.Research undertaken by homelessness agency Novas Initiatives, revealed that in an 18-month period between May 2012 and November 2013, they responded to 34 overdoses — an average of one incident every two weeks. The first study of its kind in Ireland, it confirmed that benzodiazepines and heroin were the drugs most frequently used by those interviewed in Limerick, with one-fifth injecting daily.This week the Limerick Post joined Ana Liffey Mid-West’s outreach team in the city centre as they set out to provide clean needles and syringes to drug users; a health promotion intervention grounded in the organisation’s harm reduction philosophy.Team Leader Rachel Conway and Project Worker Aoife Marshall both carried plastic bags filled with injecting equipment and other drug paraphernalia such as needles, syringes, water, pots, bins and Vitamin C, available at no cost to those who might need it. The Mid-West outreach team also offers a wide range of advice and support regarding safer drug use and safer injecting techniques, tailored to the drug users needs. The aim of this service is to reduce the damage associated with sharing used injecting equipment.“This all helps the wider community,” Rachel explains.“You can’t just tell them to give up drugs altogether because they are not ready for that. We engage with them and if we get them to trust us, that’s a big thing. We work with them to find a way to be able to look after themselves and keep them safe by not overdosing,” she said.Ana Liffey Drug Project Mid-West team leader Rachel ConwayOne drug user we met begging on Denmark Street is freezing cold so the outreach team buys him a warm coffee and engages him in even warmer conversation to gage his wellbeing. This human interaction manages to bring a smile to the young man’s face and the team moves on happy in the knowledge that he has no pressing health issues.“It’s quiet today. Sometimes they come into town early, get their money and disappear then to buy their drugs,” Rachel points out.Set up as an alternative to the ‘just say no’ abstinence-based approach of the eighties, Ana Liffey works on the frontline engaging and supporting those who’ve slipped off the radar. The organisation’s work brings about positive change in the lives of substance users in a non-judgmental environment.For 22-year-old drug user Carol, this model has made a positive difference.“I made lovely friends here and the support is brilliant. They go out of their way to get you here. They give you help and I want to thank them because they are a very good group of people. God only know where half of us would be without them,” she says.As I depart the Ana Liffey Mid-West team on the city’s streets, the words of Dr Seuss spring into mind: “Unless someone like you cares a whole awful lot, nothing is going to get better. It’s not.”For more details on Ana Liffey Drug Project log on to or call their Freephone number 1800 78 68 28. Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Email WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads Facebooklast_img read more

USC reaches proposed $215 million settlement in Tyndall sexual abuse case

first_imgThe University agreed to a three-tiered settlement that gives victims who come forward in federal court an automatic $2,500. Those who are willing to offer more information can receive up to $250,000.  (Daily Trojan file photo)USC agreed to a $215-million settlement for a class action lawsuit brought by victims of former campus gynecologist George Tyndall on Friday, according to a letter from Interim President Wanda Austin. The settlement addresses the federal class action lawsuit brought against USC, but not state court claims. The proposed settlement will provide all members of the class action — former patients of Tyndall — with a minimum compensation of $2,500, and individuals willing to disclose additional details can receive up to $250,000, the letter stated. “I hope that [this settlement] provides a sense of being heard and a sense of progress,” Austin said in an interview with the Daily Trojan and USC Annenberg Media Friday. “I hope that [the victims] see in this action a commitment to address individually and as a group that we are very concerned and want to make sure that they get the very best of care anywhere in our community.”While an agreement on USC’s settlement has been reached, it has not been filed in federal court yet, according to a University spokesperson. “Former patients who already have state court claims pending can of course continue to pursue those,” said University counsel Tara Lee. “The federal class action settlement proposal has a tiered settlement structure within it, so that individuals who had different experiences can go through a [different settlement] process.”Austin wrote that the Board of Trustees supports the settlement, which was reached in collaboration with the plaintiffs’ counsel.Patients who underwent gynecological examinations by Tyndall will receive compensation of $2,500 with no requests of further information about the patients’ experience. Those who submit a written claim about their experiences with Tyndall may receive an additional compensation of $7,500 to $20,000. Patients who agree to a private interview with a licensed psychologist can receive additional compensation of $7,500 to $250,000. A court-approved independent official will review claims to determine payments. “We think that we have been able to negotiate for a substantial amount of money for these women,” said Annika Martin, who represents multiple victims and helped reach the settlement with USC. “No money can truly compensate victims of these kinds of horrible acts.”Along with the $215-million settlement, Martin said that the agreement also ensures USC will implement new policies to establish protocol during examinations. The agreement will also include ways to properly report inappropriate behavior safely and confidentially, according to Martin.“With any class action settlement, [attorneys] have the option to opt out of the settlement and to continue their individual litigation [in state court],” Martin said. “But, we hope that they would read the settlement agreement and make a decision based on that, whether they want to pursue it or not.”Some attorneys who are serving as counsel for the state class action against USC have expressed frustration with the settlement. Claims filed in state court were not addressed in the settlement. Attorney Gloria Allred called the federal settlement “a nuisance amount” that will not properly compensate victims for their suffering.“We are continuing to vigorously litigate our state cases for numerous victims, and we will insist that each of our clients be properly compensated for what they were forced to endure which for many of our clients is expected to be far in excess of what individuals in the class action will receive,” Allred wrote in an email to the Daily Trojan.Mike Arias, who represents over 80 victims in state cases, said the settlement was unsupported in reasoning. He said that Board of Trustees Chairman Rick Caruso’s goal of reaching a settlement quickly and effectively does not benefit the victims and instead keeps them quiet.“The first settlement is an attempt to try to limit the rights of many of these women victims,” Arias said. “I’m very disappointed because I thought … that they were going to do it promptly and look for change for proper solutions, but without all the information necessary to evaluate that … nothing is really happening.”Attorney Andy Rubenstein said the proposed settlement doesn’t hold the University accountable for its actions and that the lack of institutional change will only allow more abuse to happen in the future. “The proposed settlement announced today from USC is laughable,” Rubenstein wrote in a statement to the Daily Trojan. “To come to this agreement before a single document was produced or a deposition was taken, is an insult to the survivors of Dr. Tyndall, many of whom have suffered in silence for decades.”In a separate letter to the USC community on Friday, Caruso wrote that the University is still undergoing its independent investigation of Engemann Student Health Center. He explained that the next months will focus on the presidential search, and the Special Committee on Governance Reform will continue to examine the Board’s operations to better engage the USC community.“My fellow Trustees and I also pledged to ensure a cultural shift within the University that places the safety of students and patients as our top priority,” he wrote. Both Caruso and Austin’s letters referred to a summary of University actions taken since  sexual abuse allegations against Tyndall broke out mid-May, which primarily focused on Engemann. All student health care providers are now hired through the Keck School of Medicine, which conducts an extensive background check for new hires. Along with an online reporting mechanism for health care providers, USC created an Office of Professionalism and Ethics for “complaint monitoring and investigation.”USC also said it plans to adopt new measures to advise senior leadership and redraft the University’s Code of Ethics, along with hiring a new senior vice president of human resources.Eileen Toh, Erica Hur, Kate Sequeira, Katherine Wiles and Terry Nguyen contributed to this report.last_img read more

Touchline with George Addo: Holiday special on Liverpool and Hearts of Oak

first_imgLiverpool manager Brendan Rodgers was close to landing the Premier League  last year this time, Fast forward 12 months and  FA Cup semi-final defeat by Aston Villa means Rodgers has become the first Anfield boss since the 1950s not to win a trophy in his first three seasons in charge. So why have  things gone so poorly after such a spirited challenge for the title last season and more importantly, why Rodgers  should go at a cost of  10 million pounds? Watch JOY Sports’ Benedict Owusu and pundit Selwyn Sackey touch on the issue. Plus, big games to expect this weekend from across the globe, including Hearts of Oak’s CAF Confederation Cup tie with Djoliba.It’s  George Addo’s fast paced video podcast – TOUCHLINE! WATCHlast_img read more