Chelsea Abramovich visit to Cobham ‘normal’, says Chelsea boss Conte Peter Hanson Last updated 2 years ago 22:31 11/3/17 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) Getty Images Chelsea Premier League Manchester United Chelsea v Manchester United Antonio Conte The Blues owner spoke with the manager, but he insists such a conversation is merely routine Antonio Conte has confirmed that he was visited by Chelsea owner Roman Abramovich last Sunday, but described the meeting as “normal”.Blues 6/4 for defeat to Man UReports in the media have continually suggested that all is not well between Conte and Chelsea’s hierarchy, particularly over the club’s transfer policy. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player The relationship between Abramovich and Conte is said to be at an all-time low, with suggestions the Italian may be removed from his post.A 3-0 defeat at Roma in the Champions League in midweek has only exacerbated rumours of a rift, but Conte insists there was nothing untoward about Abramovich’s trip to Cobham.”Yeah, Mr Abramovich was in Cobham on Sunday after the Bournemouth game to watch training, to speak, but this is normal,” he told a media briefing ahead of Sunday’s Premier League contest against title rivals Manchester United.”Honestly, we spoke about the Bournemouth game [last weekend], then the first game with Roma. We spoke about this.”Conte repeats that the second half v Roma was bad in many aspects but that is the past and it is important now to prepare well for Sunday.— Chelsea FC (@ChelseaFC) November 3, 2017Conte stated after the Rome horror show that Chelsea lacked “hunger”, but the former Juventus boss says such an occurrence can happen during the course of a season.”Honestly, I think that the second half against Roma was bad in many different aspects. But I think sometimes this can happen,” he added. “The most important thing is you don’t see this type of situation again. We played a really good first half and we were 2-0 down but, honestly, I was more worried after the first half at Stamford Bridge when we were winning 2-1 but didn’t have the control of the game. “Instead, after the first half, I was more confident in our second half. But, instead, the second half was very negative. But now it’s the past. “Now it’s important to prepare very well this game against Manchester United and try to do our best on Sunday.”He added: “For sure, I’m happy. I’m happy to work with my players. Because, I repeat, the commitment is always good. “This season we are struggling. We are struggling a lot because we are facing a lot of important problems. And to solve these problems is not simple. “But I think, in this moment, you can see if you are winners or losers. You understand? This is very important, this moment. “When the period is positive, it’s very simple for everyone to play well, to have great confidence. In this moment, when you’re struggling, it’s important to show our character, to be strong, to face the problems in the right way. “But I’m used, in my life, to doing this. I struggled a lot in my life, as a player and then as a coach also. My history, my story, tells you this.” Check out Goal’s Premier League 2019-20 fantasy football podcast for game tips, debate and rivalries.
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Wenger: Marseille coach AVB too young taking Chelsea jobby Paul Vegas17 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Arsenal boss Arsene Wenger is happy seeing Andre Villas-Boas in charge of Marseille.Wenger feels Villas-Boas took the Chelsea job too soon.He said, “He may have been a little young at the time when he came to Chelsea. He took little break and sometimes it does not hurt in mid-career. From what I have seen since the beginning of the season, his team has the desire. “It is a little limited in potential. Marseille today does not have the level to play the title of champion of France. But he managed to get the team behind him and instill a dynamic in the team. If he finishes in the first six, I think he has really had a good season.”
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Birkenhead-born Lewis Warrington inks Everton dealby Paul Vegas13 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveBirkenhead-born Lewis Warrington has signed his first professional contract with Everton.The youngster has put pen-to-paper on a deal which will keep him with the Blues until June 2022.The 17-year-old has been at Everton for 11 years.”I’ve put in a lot of hard work and sacrifices, so to make this next step and sign a pro deal means everything,” Warrington, a season-ticket holder in the Gwladys Street, told evertonfc.com.”I’ve been at Everton for 11 years and the support has been immense from the start.”The coaching I’ve had here has been incredible. Every coach I have had has added something to my game.”They’ve helped make me the player I am, and I’ve got to keep going.”
Advertisement Login/Register With: About MuchFACTMuchFACT supports the Canadian music community through funding and promotion of music videos and related music content for all media platforms. MuchFact is exclusively funded by Much & M3, divisions of Bell Media Inc. MuchFACT has helped to launch the careers of many of Canada’s most prominent musicians including Carly Rae Jepsen, Celine Dion, Dragonette, Matt Mays, Serena Ryder, The Tragically Hip, Arcade Fire, K-OS, Feist, Shad, Nelly Furtado, Sam Roberts, Metric, k.d. lang, and the Barenaked Ladies. MuchFACT has also had a great impact on developing Canadian directors, many of whom have gone on to direct award-winning music videos, as well as feature films and documentaries. Since 1984, MuchFACT has awarded more than 75 million dollars, and funded more than 7,700 projects. Twitter Advertisement Bell Media’s MuchFACT (A Foundation to Assist Canadian Talent) announced today the 22 fund recipients from the October 12, 2016 music committee meeting. With 157 applications considered, a total of $484,799 was awarded to Canadian musicians in the following categories: Content Package, Music Video, Online Music Video Project, and Digital Tools.MuchFACT funded videos continue to be recognized internationally, with the video for “Amerika” by Wintersleep being nominated for Best Rock/Indie Video – International at the UK Video Music Awards. MuchFACT also continues to support Canadian artists by sponsoring the annual Allan Slaight JUNO Master Class, run by the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (CARAS), whose 2017 winners were announced in September. In addition to prizing from CARAS, the three winning acts, Neon Dreams, The Lytics, and Youngblood, receive a $10,000 MuchFACT Online Music Video grant.MuchFACT fund recipients from the October 12, 2016 music committee meeting are as follows: About Bell MediaBell Media creates content and builds brands that entertain, inform, engage, and inspire audiences through the platforms of their choice. Bell Media is Canada’s leading content creation company with premier assets in television, radio, out-of-home advertising, and digital media. Bell Media owns 30 local television stations led by CTV, Canada’s highest-rated television network; 30 specialty channels, including TSN and RDS, Canada’s most-watched specialty channels in English and French; and four pay TV services, including The Movie Network and Super Écran. Bell Media is also Canada’s largest radio broadcaster, operating 105 licensed radio stations in 54 markets across the country, as well as managing the iHeartRadio brand and streaming service in Canada. Bell Media owns Astral Out of Home with a network of more than 30,000 advertising faces in British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, Québec, and Nova Scotia. Bell Media also operates more than 200 websites; delivers TV Everywhere with its CraveTV and GO video streaming services; operates multi-channel network Much Digital Studios; produces live theatrical shows via its partnership with Iconic Entertainment Studios; and owns Dome Productions Inc., a multi-platform production company. Bell Media is part of BCE Inc. (TSX, NYSE: BCE), Canada’s largest communications company. For more on Bell Media, please visit www.bellmedia.ca. Advertisement LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Facebook Content PackagePUP – “Sleep In the Heat”Online Music Video ProjectDUTCH – “No Measure”Amaal Nuux – “Last Ones”The Velveteins – “Midnight Surf”Billy Moon – “I Wanna Know”Once A Tree – “Breakdown”CRi – “Rush”The Kents – “Something About Her”Music VideoDARCYS – “Arizona Hwy”Belle Game – “Spirit”K.I.D. – “Errors”Harrison – “Right Hook”Hollerado – “I Got You”Narcy – “Ball (Chobi Bryant)”a l l i e – “Bad Habits”Felix Cartal – “Drifting Away”Wintersleep – “Spirit”Charlotte Day Wilson – “Work”Ria Mae feat. Classified – “Thoughts on Fire”Jessie Reyez – “Great Ones”Keys N Krates – “Love Again”Digital ToolsSaya – “Chills + Thrills” EPBell Media’s MuchFACT has helped to launch the careers of some of Canada’s best and brightest artists, including A Tribe Called Red, Arcade Fire, Arkells, Barenaked Ladies, Carly Rae Jepsen, Celine Dion, Down With Webster, Dragonette, Feist, Grimes, k.d. lang, Keys N Krates, k-os, Majiid Jordan, Matt Mays, Metric, Mother Mother, Nelly Furtado, Sam Roberts, Serena Ryder, The Tragically Hip, and many more. MuchFACT has also had a great impact on developing Canadian directors, many of whom have gone on to direct award-winning music videos, as well as feature films and documentaries.The next deadline for submitting MuchFACT applications is Thursday, November 3, 2016 at 11:59 p.m. ET. Applications can be submitted at www.muchfact.ca.
Ohio State senior forward Jae’Sean Tate finishes a dunk in the first half against Appalachian State on Dec. 16, 2017 at the Schottenstein Center. Credit: Ashley Nelson | Station ManagerThe last time a team from the Sun Belt Conference entered the Schottenstein Center two years ago, it handed Ohio State a crushing defeat that ended up being a major factor in keeping the Buckeyes out of the NCAA Tournament.Only four members of the team that lost to Texas-Arlington still put on a Scarlet and Gray jersey, but veterans Keita Bates-Diop and Jae’Sean Tate wouldn’t allow a night like that to occur a second time.Tate scored 19 points and Bates-Diop added 16 with eight rebounds to lead Ohio State (9-3) past Appalachian State (5-7), 80-67 Saturday evening. Freshman forward Kaleb Wesson had 16 points and eight rebounds and redshirt senior guard Kam Williams also was in double-figures, with 11 points.A week had passed since head coach Chris Holtmann’s team last played a game, which triggered thoughts of a possible letdown. The first half provided little excitement, with Ohio State unable to grasp control of the game until Bates-Diop created some momentum before the break.With less than two minutes remaining in the first half, Bates-Diop deflected an attempted pass from Mountaineers forward Hunter Seacat into the backcourt. Bates-Diop dove on the ball and passed it off to guard Andrew Dakich, who drove to the basket and left it for Tate for the two-handed slam.That play was part of a 6-0 run to close the half, and the Buckeyes led 40-27. Holtmann said that play sparked his team and picked the offense out of a drought.“That’s an expectation for an older guy to do that,” he said. “It’s an expectation for all our players to do that and I don’t think we did that every time tonight, which was disappointing. But that was a really, really special play.”Bates-Diop’s lay-in in the beginning of the second half gave Ohio State a 17-point lead. Then, following a fire alarm that caused people inside the arena to evacuate, the Mountaineers cut their deficit to nine with an 8-0 run.Leading 60-47 out of the under-12 media timeout, Wesson finished at the rim, Tate flew in for a dunk and Jackson banked in a 3 to give the Buckeyes a comfortable 20-point lead.Ohio State forced 18 turnovers. The Buckeyes shot 53 percent for the game.Entering the game, Appalachian State guards Ronshad Shabazz and Justin Forrest were averaging 21.8 and 16.8 points, respectively. Saturday against the Buckeyes, Shabazz had 15 and Forrest had 12, shooting a collective 1-for-8 from beyond the arc.“We knew we had to be active because they have a real high-powered motion offense,” Williams said. “So just getting deflections, taking it one stop at a time, one possession at a time. When we put that together, very few teams can execute against us.”Less than three minutes into the second half, prior to a Mountaineers free-throw attempt, the fire alarms sounded at the Schott and fans were told via an emergency response system inside the arena to exit the building. After roughly seven minutes, fans were allowed to re-enter the building and play resumed following a brief warm-up period.The event caused a delay of about 14 minutes.Sophomore center Micah Potter and freshman forward Kyle Young both returned from an ankle injury Saturday, after missing two games and one game, respectively. Potter played just one minute while Young played 13 minutes.Holtmann said Potter told him that his ankle was feeling “as good as it has felt” since suffering the injury on Nov. 19 against Northeastern. Holtmann added that Young played more than anticipated because of Wesson’s foul trouble.Up Next:The Buckeyes are back on the court Tuesday against The Citadel at 7 p.m.
Marcus Rashford believes Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s guidance at Manchester United has been a “massive help” towards his development as a striker.Since Solskjaer took charge at Old Trafford in December on an interim basis, Rashford has embarked on a superb run of form in his favoured centre-forward role.The 21-year-old striker has scored six goals and provided three assists in 12 appearances under Solskjaer.The caretaker manager, who scored 126 goals in 366 games as a forward for United, has even challenged Rashford to match the legendary Cristiano Ronaldo at Old Trafford.“For me, it’s been a massive help having that type of guidance around me,” Rashford told Sky Sports on Solskjaer’s role in his development.“But he’s been working with all of the players with everything he’s got, you can see even the defenders are improving, the midfield is improving, the team’s improved overall but we understand we can still take more steps forward.“He has that know-how, the understanding, that’s the kind of thing you just pick off naturally off these type of people.Liverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“Even not just out on the pitch, having conversations about it, it all adds up. It’s been a big turnaround. As long as we keep improving I don’t see why [he shouldn’t get the job permanently].”The England international went on to reveal that Solskjaer has even encouraged both himself and teammates Anthony Martial and Jesse Lingard to aim high and possibly match the feats he achieved at United during his own playing career.Aside from being a prolific scorer, Solskjaer also won six Premier League titles and two FA Cups.The 45-year-old even famously scored the match-winner against Bayern Munich in the 1999 Champions League final at Barcelona.Rashford added: “When we were in Dubai, we were having a bit of banter when the manager was speaking to me, Anthony [Martial] and Jesse [Lingard], and I just mentioned his goal in the Champions League final.“He was quick to let us understand that with what we have in this team, anything is possible and it’s not far-fetched to say we can recreate those moments.”United will host Solskjaer’s old rivals Liverpool in a Premier League match at Old Trafford in Sunday with kick-off set for 3:05 PM (CET).LONDON, ENGLAND – JANUARY 13: Marcus Rashford of Manchester United gestures during the Premier League match between Tottenham Hotspur and Manchester United at Wembley Stadium on January 13, 2019 in London, United Kingdom. (Photo by Clive Rose/Getty Images)
Ballot Propositions: Proposition No. 1NO: 4,431 votes 59.73%YES: 2,988 votes 40.27%General Obligation Bonds to Pay the Local Required Match Portion of the Costs of the Kachemak-Selo New K-12 School (to be voted on by all voters) District 9, South Peninsula:Willy Dunne: 617 votes 53.10%Troy Jones: 539 votes 46.39% To required match for the borough is a $5,450,000 issuance bond for the Kenai Peninsula Borough to pay the local required match portion of the costs of ohe Kachemak-Selo new K-12 School construction project. Kenai City Council: Two open seatsBob Molloy: 374 votes 32.32%Teea Winger: 325 votes 28.09%Robert Peterkin II.: 449 votes 38.81% Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Some early results have started filtering in for 2018 municipal election. Refresh this page for the latest updates… District 6, East Peninsula:Kenn Carpenter: 177 votes 96.20%Write-in Votes: 7 votes 3.80% The proposed new area of the Central Kenai Peninsula Hospital Service Area as should “the common boundary line between the Central Kenai Peninsula Hospital Service Area and the South Kenai Peninsula Hospital Service Area be moved south by about 15 miles to Barbara Drive in Ninilchik?” Soldotna City Council: All unopposed Paul Whitney: 316 votes 92.67%Jordan Chilson: 318 votes 93.81%Justin Ruffridge: 320 votes 93.02%District 2 – Kenai (3-yr): School BoardTim Navarre: 329 votes 46.47%Matthew Morse: 372 votes 52.54% Proposition No. 2YES: 2,385 votes 65.41%NO: 1,261 votes 34.59%Amending the Code to Move the Common Boundary Between the Central Kenai Peninsula Hospital Service Area and the South Kenai Peninsula Hospital Service Area (to be voted on by voters in the Central Kenai Peninsula Hospital Service Area and the Proposed new Area) District 1- Kalifornsky:Brent Hibbert: 372 votes 89.00%Write-in: 46 votes 11.00% District 5 – Sterling / Funny River (3-yr): School BoardKaryn Griffin: 49 votes 17.88%Greg Madden: 123 votes 44.89%Martin “Marty” Anderson: 52 votes 18.98%Nissa Fowler: 50 votes 18.25% Proposition No. 3YES: 2,173 votes 75.53%NO: 704 votes 24.47%Expanding the South Kenai Peninsula Hospital Service Area to Include the Land South of Kachemak Bay Excluding the City of Seldovia (to be voted on by voters in the South Kenai Peninsula Hospital Service Area and the new proposed area) The proposed new southern area of the South Kenai Peninsula Hospital Service Area will be asked “shall the southern boundary line of the South Kenai Peninsula Hospital Service Area around Kachemak Bay be moved south?”
Kit Doyle Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email,About the authorView All Posts Tagshomepage featured photos photos of the week Top Story,You may also like Catholicism Share This! Future of decades-old CBS religion documentary program in doubt By: Kit Doyle As Amazon burns, Vatican prepares for summit on region’s faith and sustainabilit … August 30, 2019 Kit Doyle,Load Comments,Comments about ‘whiteness’ prompt controversy at Sparrow Women conference Share This! By: Kit Doyle Share This! Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email Photos of the Week August 30, 2019 Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email,(RNS) — Each week Religion News Service presents a gallery of photos of religious expression around the world. This week’s gallery includes several Muslim commemorations, Pope Francis visiting Morocco, and more.A Kashmiri Muslim woman with her face covered prays as the head cleric displays a relic at the Hazratbal shrine on the occasion of Mehraj-u-Alam, believed to mark the ascension of Prophet Muhammad to heaven, in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, on April 4, 2019. Thousands of Kashmiri Muslims gathered at the Hazratbal shrine, which houses a relic believed to contain hair from the beard of Islam’s Prophet Muhammad. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)Visitors look at a columbarium at the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery during the Qingming festival in Beijing, on April 5, 2019. Qingming festival, also known as Tomb Sweeping Day, is a day when Chinese around the world remember their dearly departed and take time off to clean up the tombs and place flowers and offerings. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein)Religious students listen to a speech by Pope Francis and King Mohammed VI, at the Mohammed VI Institute, a school for imams, in Rabat, Morocco, on March 30, 2019. (AP Photo/Mosa’ab Elshamy)Shiite pilgrims beat themselves as a sign of grief outside the golden-domed shrine of Imam Moussa al-Kadhim, who died at the end of the 8th century, during the annual commemoration of his death, in Baghdad, Iraq, on April 2, 2019. (AP Photo/Hadi Mizban)A pile of necklaces and crucifixes belonging to some of those slaughtered during the 1994 genocide at the Catholic church in Nyamata, Rwanda, as they sought refuge inside the church. The necklaces were piled on the altar as a memorial to the thousands who were killed on April 4, 2019. On Sunday, April 7, 2019, Rwanda will commemorate the 25th anniversary of the country’s descent into an orgy of violence in which some 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were massacred by the majority Hutu population over a 100-day period, the worst genocide in recent history. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)A girl waits to perform a dance with other children for Pope Francis at the diocesan Caritas center in Rabat, Morocco, on March 30, 2019. Francis’s weekend trip to Morocco aimed to highlight the North African nation’s tradition of Christian-Muslim ties, while also letting Francis show solidarity with migrants at Europe’s door and tend to a tiny Catholic flock on the peripheries. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)Baryshevsky Victor, Bishop of the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, holds his ballot at a polling station, during the presidential elections in Kiev, Ukraine, on March. 31, 2019. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)Pakistani civil society activists call for protection of Hindu girls at a protest in Hyderabad, Pakistan, on April 5, 2019. A court in Islamabad has ordered protection for two teenage sisters from the minority Hindu community as investigators widen a probe to determine whether the girls were abducted and forced to convert and marry two Muslims. (AP Photo/Pervez Masih)Portraits of Holocaust survivors are displayed at New York City’s Museum of Jewish Heritage as a vintage German train car, like those used to transport people to Auschwitz and other death camps, is uncovered on tracks outside the museum, on March 31, 2019. The train car joins hundreds of artifacts from Auschwitz at the museum for an exhibit entitled “Auschwitz. Not long ago. Not far away,” that opens to the public on May 8. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)Shiite worshippers carry a symbolic coffin at the golden-domed shrine of Imam Moussa al-Kadhim, who died at the end of the 8th century, during the annual commemoration of the his death, in Baghdad, Iraq, on April 2, 2019. (AP Photo/Hadi Mizban) Instagram apostasy stirs controversy over Christian ‘influencers’ August 30, 2019 By: Kit Doyle News Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email Share This! Share This! News • Photos of the Week
To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: Share 00:00 /10:16 The Houston Independent School District Board just launched a series of meetings seeking input from the community for the district’s superintendent search. Trustees are asking what qualities and traits the community wants in the district’s next leader.HISD says it will use the feedback to finalize what it’s looking for in a permanent superintendent and begin searching for candidates.The district has been without a permanent leader since Richard Carranza left the post last year.In the audio above, we turn to a panel of community members to learn what it is they want in their next superintendent.Joining Houston Matters host Craig Cohen are Dr. Jasmine Jenkins, executive director for Houstonians for Great Public Schools, and Heather Golden, a parent, public school advocate, and community volunteer. X Listen
The team says engineers could use these findings when designing devices that tune color, trap light or steer light beams. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences When the researchers examined the wings that had changed color, they discovered that the thickness of some of the scales had changed. This altered the wavelengths of light the wings reflected. They studied the wings of B. sambulos and B. medontias, which naturally have wings that reflect violet light, and found that some of their wing scales were similar in thickness to those that had changed in the purple-winged B. anynana. However, the types of scales that reflected violet light in B. sambulos and B. medontias were different from the type of scale that had changed in B. anynana.Monteiro’s team believe their experiment shows that butterfly wing colors can evolve very quickly and that natural selection could play an important role in the development of wing color. For example, butterflies could use wing color to identify other butterflies of the same species or to influence mate choice. Explore further (Phys.org) —Scientists have used selective breeding to create purple wings on the normally brown-winged butterfly Bicyclus anynana. Antonia Monteiro and her colleagues selected butterflies with wing scales that reflected light closest to the wavelengths that produce the color violet and bred them. After six generation of breeding, the researchers produced butterflies with wings that had changed structurally to reflect violet light. The research appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Deciphering butterflies’ designer colors: Findings could inspire new hue-changing materials Bicyclus anynana before (left) and after (right) artificial selection efforts to produce butterflies with violet wing scales. After selective breeding, the butterflies displayed more violet color in the ground scales of their wings. Credit: Antónia Monteiro Citation: Scientists create purple-winged butterflies in six generations (2014, August 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-08-scientists-purple-winged-butterflies.html The butterfly Bicyclus anynana before artificial selection to alter wing color. Credit: William Piel. After six generations of artificial selection, Bicyclus anynana developed violet ground scales in its wings while the cover scales remained brown. Credit: Antónia Monteiro More information: Artificial selection for structural color on butterfly wings and comparison with natural evolution, PNAS, Bethany R. Wasik, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1402770111AbstractBrilliant animal colors often are produced from light interacting with intricate nano-morphologies present in biological materials such as butterfly wing scales. Surveys across widely divergent butterfly species have identified multiple mechanisms of structural color production; however, little is known about how these colors evolved. Here, we examine how closely related species and populations of Bicyclus butterflies have evolved violet structural color from brown-pigmented ancestors with UV structural color. We used artificial selection on a laboratory model butterfly, B. anynana, to evolve violet scales from UV brown scales and compared the mechanism of violet color production with that of two other Bicyclus species, Bicyclus sambulos and Bicyclus medontias, which have evolved violet/blue scales independently via natural selection. The UV reflectance peak of B. anynana brown scales shifted to violet over six generations of artificial selection (i.e., in less than 1 y) as the result of an increase in the thickness of the lower lamina in ground scales. Similar scale structures and the same mechanism for producing violet/blue structural colors were found in the other Bicyclus species. This work shows that populations harbor large amounts of standing genetic variation that can lead to rapid evolution of scales’ structural color via slight modifications to the scales’ physical dimensions. The butterfly Bicyclus medontias displays violet-colored wing scales that evolved through natural selection. Credit: Antónia Monteiro Living things can produce color chemically or structurally. Those that produce chemical color create pigments that absorb certain wavelengths of light and reflect others. Organisms that produce structural color experience changes in their bodies, at the nanoscale level, that enhance the reflection of particular wavelengths.Butterfly wings have structural color. To understand how this color evolves, Monteiro and her team selectively bred B. anynana, a butterfly that normally has brown wings, in an attempt to create purple wings. Two close relatives of this butterfly, B. sambulos and B. medontias, have purple scales on the backs of their front wings. However, until now, no one has ever reported seeing any purple-winged B. anynana.To create purple wings, the team measured the wavelengths of light reflected from the wings of B. anynana specimens. They then selected and bred those butterflies whose wings reflected light closest to the violet spectrum. They performed this process six times in eight consecutive generations. As the breeding process continued, reflected wavelengths moved further toward the violet spectrum. By the sixth time, the butterflies had purple wings. © 2014 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.